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Wojciech Fangor


1922 - 2015

Painting, Sculpture, Graphics, Installations

The eminent painter of space and movement. Contributor Polish school of poster art, graphic artist, sculptor, stage designer, author of the first environment in Poland (1958). After 38 years of exile in 1990 he returned to Poland.

In 1965 participated in the high in New York MoMA exhibition "The Eye responsive" and the only Polish artist has an individual presentation in the Guggenheim Museum (18 December 1970 - 7 II 1971). It consisted of 37 canvases op-art. The famous "wheel" with 60 years and 70 continue, and their market price set by Wojciech Fangor among the most expensive contemporary Polish painters.

He studied painting under Professor. And Prof. T. Pruszkowskiego. F. Szczesny Kowarski. After the war, he received a diploma of the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, where he also taught. Then in the'60s lectured at universities worldwide: Bath Academy of Art in Corsham (England), Farleigh Dickinson University, Madison, NJ (to 1983), and visiting classes in the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University Cambridge (USA).

The first painting by Wojciech Fangor work cubes are features, such as a series of landscapes from the area of Warsaw (the end of 40 years). Another is rooted in socrealizmie. Most famous painting of this period is "Koreanka Mother" (1951), has repeatedly rewarded then. Huge canvas (130 x 195 cm) maintained in monochromatic colors present among the ruins and the child. Apparently the picture was born from a fascination with nineteenth century French realism, especially the paintings of Courbet.

In the early 50th Wojciech Fangor began collaborating with architect Stanislaw Zamecznik, which inspired the painter to take over the artistic material. Together prepared the exhibition "Study of Space" (Salon of New Culture in Warsaw, 1958). Only 4 of the 20 canvases on the walls of the complaint. Other works set on easels, to set up an open structure of the work. The viewer automatically select the way, discovered the relationship between the optical images. Neither this presentation, and further work from the years 1957-1973 have been named by the artist "positive illusory space. Arose from the discovery that the illusion of space can be developed not in the depths of the image, but in the direction of the recipient. Thus the work of abstract compositions made of wheels, and then the waves, the vague, fluid, "pulsating" konturach colors and contrast ...

In the mid-70s Wojciech Fangor returned to figurative painting, then drew the themes from the world of media (television images "-made up of small spots simulating electronic pixels) and the realistic" collages, "which explored the culture. In recent years, created the "portraits of furniture, mainly chairs (presented with real models, to provoke questions, which is the image and what is reality), as well as figurative paintings inspired by works of Picasso, portraits of Indian chiefs (CWS, Warsaw, 2003).

In 1989, Wojciech Fangor decided to transfer to Poland 109 images. The collection is in the museum. J. Malczewski in Radom, and was presented several times already in the country.

Among the individual and collective exhibitions in the special deal of an artist: 15 Polish Painters, MoMA (New York, 1961), Institute of Contemporary Art (Washington, 1962), 34 Art Biennale (Venice, 1968), University Art Museum (Berkeley 1971), the National Gallery "Zachęta" (Warsaw, 1990).

Wojciech Fangor constantly experimenting with color, form and operation of painting in space. About his artistic way, said in a television "Pegazie" in 2003: "I was interested visual experience, even the picture on the physiological action perception. I started to paint these images to make the exhibition, which show that the space between the images is more important than images. "

M 56

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